TOP-6 sights of Bodrum
Turkey ranks sixth in the world in popularity of tourist destinations due to its subtropical coastal climate, ski resorts in winter, hot springs and rich history. The country is washed by four seas: the Mediterranean, Aegean, Marble, Black. So, on the Aegean coast is the resort town of Bodrum, which is popular for its mild climate, comfortable water temperature from April to October, as well as many historical and architectural attractions.
Going on vacation to Turkey, visit the Castle of St. Peter, erected in the VI century by the architect Pythia. In its construction were used green volcanic stones and marble. The fortress was guarded by knights of different nationalities, and the names of the towers of the castle are connected with it:
– English tower;
The fortress was reliably protected from attacks thanks to the moat, observation platforms, and jagged walls with holes from which molten oil was poured onto the invaders.
Today, the Museum of Underwater Archeology operates within the castle walls.
Museum of Underwater Archeology
In 1973, a museum was opened in Bodrum Castle, where artifacts from the bottom of the Mediterranean and Aegean seas are represented: amphoras, ancient coins, vases.
The museum is equipped with multimedia displays that highlight the finds. Also on the territory is a glass-blowing workshop that children like.
The most valuable and interesting exhibit of the museum is a merchant ship sunk in the Mediterranean Sea, up to 15 m long, dating from the 14th century BC.
Gate of Mindos
The main entrance to the ancient city of Halicarnassus, now Bodrum, was defended by the gate of Myndos, which were in the 4th century. BC. part of the fortress walls surrounding the settlement. Preserved individual fragments of this structure. Until now, the Turkish authorities are excavating and rebuilding the gate.
The building consisted of three powerful and durable stone towers that even the great commander Alexander of Macedon could not immediately overcome. History lovers will be interested to see the remains of tombs near the gate and mosaic fragments left over from ancient times.
Magnificent views of the city from the Amphitheater, located on the mountain. The building is restored in our time. The complex consists of a stage, seats for spectators and a platform for the choir. In ancient times, the amphitheater seats up to 13,000 spectators.
On the lower rows there are still preserved marble slabs with which they revetted the steps carved on the slope of the mountain. Tourists visiting Bodrum in the summer, enjoy the concerts and performances that take place in the theater, and will be able to imagine how it was during the days of Halicarnassus.
Fans of eastern exotic and antiquity will amaze the Old Town, with narrow cobbled and winding pedestrian streets and a beautiful promenade.
The whitewashed stone cottages in the thickets of grapes, as on a postcard, will be an excellent backdrop for memory photos, and numerous cafes and boutiques will relax tourists after long walks in the ancient area. This part of the city is also reminiscent of the fishing village from which modern Bodrum has grown.
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The mausoleum, built in honor of the Mausoleum, the cruel ruler of Halicarnassus, architects Satire and Pithios, even during the life of a tyrant, in ancient times was considered one of the seven wonders of the world. Sculptors Skopas and Leokhar decorated the facade with statues, the largest of which, the chariot with Mawsol and his wife sitting in it, reached three meters in height. The mausoleum itself, along with the figures, stood at 46 m above the city.
Now tourists will see piles of marble and the remains of a former miracle. But the greatness of the mausoleum itself was not destroyed by either the earthquake or the knights-hospitallers, who used the stones of the building to build the Castle of St. Peter.